Stockholm, Oct 8: Two American scientists Eric Betzig and William Moerner and German scientist Stefan Hell have won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for “the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy.”
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences reportedly said that the work of the three scientists “has brought optical microscopy into the nanodimension.”
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarding 8 million crown ($1.1 million) prize said: “Their ground-breaking work has brought optical microscopy into the nanodimension.”
Betzig, 54, works at the Howard Hughes Medfical Institute in Ashburn, Virginia. Hell, 51, is director at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Goettingen, Germany. Moerner, 61, is a professor at Stanford University in California.
Last year’s chemistry prize went to three U.S.-based scientists who developed powerful computer models that researchers use to understand complex chemical interactions and create new drugs.
On Tuesday, Isamu Akasaki and Hiroshi Amano of Japan and Japanese-born U.S. scientist Shuji Nakamura won physics award for the invention of blue light-emitting diodes – a breakthrough that spurred the development of LED technology that can be used to light up homes and offices and the screens of mobile phones, computers and TVs.
The Nobel Prize in literature will be announced Thursday, followed by the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday and the economics prize on Monday.
Chemistry was the third of this year’s Nobel prizes. The prize is named after dynamite inventor Alfred Nobel and has been awarded since 1901 for achievements in science, literature and peace in accordance with his will.
(With Agency Inputs)