New Delhi, Oct 24: In a special gesture for Indian scientific achievement, Google on Friday celebrates one month of the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) in the Mars orbit with a simple doodle on its homepage.
The Indian Mars Orbiter or Mangalyaan entered the Mars orbit on September 24, making India the first nation in the world to successfully launch a Mars mission in its maiden attempt.
The success of Mangalyaan mission was one of the cheapest Mars missions so far as it cost only $74 million. Mangalyaan carried with it five scientific instruments which will be used to will study the Martian surface and its mineral composition and scan its atmosphere for methane gas.
According to reports, Mangalyaan has five instruments aboard: a camera, two spectrometers, a radiometer and a photometer. It aims to study the process by which water was lost on Mars, measure methane levels in the Martian atmosphere, map the surface, composition and mineralogy of the red planet and take images of the Martian surface.
The MOM is expected to circle the planet for at least six months, following an elliptical orbit that gets within 365 kilometers (227 miles) of the planet’s surface at its closest and 80,000 kilometers (49,700 miles) at its farthest.
With the success of Mars Orbiter Mission, India has joined the elite group comprising the United States, European Space Agency and the former Soviet Union. India, however, has got this distinction by becoming the first nation to conduct a successful Mars mission on its first attempt.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) after launching MOM became the fourth international space agency after National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of the US, Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA) and European Space Agency to undertake a mission to Mars.
(With Agency Inputs)